What is ABA?
Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is the applied branch of the science of Behaviour Analysis. Behaviour Analysis states that all human behaviour is affected by its immediate consequences. Therefore, new behaviours can be taught, and negative behaviours can be reduced, by understanding and changing their consequences.
For children with Autism Spectrum Condition (ASC), ABA can be used to teach an incredibly wide variety of skills, from learning to respond to their name, to requesting for toys, reading, brushing their teeth and cooking amongst many others! We have put together a short video which is available to view on our Youtube channel demonstrating a range of ABA teaching at the school. You can view it here.
One of the key aspects of an ABA programme is that it is highly individualised for the learner. Learning should be fun, and therefore the programme is adapted around the learner’s favourite activities, using these as rewards for learning new skills. The skills that are taught are also determined by what is most important for the individual learner, rather than following a set curriculum that may not be appropriate for the learner.
Behaviours that are particularly negative for the individual and those around them such as aggression, self-harm or property destruction are reduced by understanding why the child is engaging in them and teaching more appropriate alternatives.
Click here for a more detailed description of ABA, including what an ABA programme might look like and how behaviours are taught.